The question of whether to apply death penalty for especially severe or heinous crimes is a moral dilemma for civilized societies across the world. For Muslims, Islamic law guides their views on this, clearly establishing the sanctity of human life and the prohibition against taking a human life but making a clear exception for punishment enacted under legal justice.The Quran clearly establishes that killing is forbidden, but just as clearly establishes conditions under which capital punishment may be enacted,
“If anyone kills a person—unless it is for murder or for spreading mischief in the land—it would be as if he killed all people. And if anyone saves a life, it would be as if he saved the life of all people” (Quran 5:32).
Life is sacred, according to Islam and most other world faiths. But how can one hold life sacred, yet still support capital punishment? The Quran answers:
“Take not life, which God has made sacred, except by way of justice and law. Thus does He command you, so that you may learn wisdom.” (Quran 6:151).
“Take not life, which God has made sacred, except by way of justice and law. Thus does He command you, so that you may learn wisdom.” Qur’an 6:151
The Death Penalty for apostasy is also non-Quranic but was practised by Prophet Muhammad and so is Islamic law. For example:
Muslim 623 The Prophet said: “It is not permissible to take the life of a Muslim except in one of the three cases: the married adulterer, a life for a life (if the person is Muslim), and the deserter of Islam.”
But even though the death penalty is allowed, forgiveness is preferable. Forgiveness, together with peace, is a predominant Qur’anic theme. Muslims believe that capital punishment is a most severe sentence but one that may be commanded by a court for crimes of suitable severity. While there may be more profound punishment at the hands of God, there is also room for an earthly punishment. Islamic countries that practise a very strict Sharia law are associated with the use of capital punishment as retribution for the largest variety of crimes. At the other end of the spectrum are countries such as Albania and Bosnia, which still retain the death penalty as part of their penal system, but are abolitionist in practice.
Together, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Pakistan accounted for 87 percent of all recorded worldwide executions, the report said. China is widely believed to execute thousands of people every year, but data on executions “is classified as a state secret”, according to Amnesty. In total, 1,032 executions were recorded in 2016, down by 37 percent, but death sentences were at the highest level since Amnesty began compiling statistics, with 3,117 people sentenced to death worldwide.Of those, more than 360 people were sentenced in Pakistan, and are currently living on the world’s largest recorded death row, home to more than 6,000 prisoners.Pakistan’s Interior Ministry had not responded to a request for comment by the time of publication.
Some pros includes: Executing convicted murderers will deter the would-be murderers from killing people. It is an ultimate warning against all crimes. It is state’s responsibility to bring such criminals to justice, because if it doesn’t, it will lead to vgilante Justice, where people will take law in their own hands. All guilty people thus deserve to be punished in proportion to the severity of their crime.
The offenders are able to expiate their evil deeds and so escape punishment in the next life. Of course capital punishment doesn’t rehabilitate the prisoners and return them to society, but people condemned to death can repent and express remorse and in many cases, experience profound spiritual rehabilitation.
Some corns of death penalty includes: Some genuinely innocent people might be executed and that there is no possible way of compensating them for this miscarriage of justice. The families and friends of these innocent criminals thus have to go through very hard times leading up to the execution and for many many years after that. Most global jurists against death penalty say that since an overwhelming majority of criminal defendants end up penniless by the time their case is up for appeal, they think they are treated unfairly as compared to those killers who had money and thus fancied more chances to escape the death penalty net.
Last year, Pakistan executed 87 people, making it the fifth most prolific executioner in the world, according to an annual report on the global use of the death penalty released by Amnesty International on Tuesday. But its decreases over years. In 2015 at least 325 executions were carried out . 87 executions were carried out in 2016 and So far, at least 15 people have been executed (as of May 2017).
There is no doubt that the world is visibly divided over capital punishment and debates on this touchy issue are frequently being held in the United States, Europe and elsewhere.In fact, death penalty is one of the most debatable issues in the criminal justice system all over the world, as a lot of arguments on retribution and punishment are being discussed. Muslims who support the death penalty believe that its use provides an effective deterrent against crime and as such, helps to promote justice. Islamic law permits the use of the death penalty as a punishment against intentional murder and Fasaad fi al-ardh, which translates to “spreading mischief throughout the land.” This type of crime is interpreted in a variety of ways, but can include rape, adultery, treason, apostasy, piracy, sodomy and homosexual behavior.
Although capital punishment is still widely supported in Islamic states and nations in which Islam is the state religion, there are growing groups of Muslims that support the abolishment of the death penalty. Those who oppose capital punishment disagree with the mainstream interpretation of Quran passages regarding capital punishments.
By Kaneez Zehra